Difference Between Management and Administration

Difference Between Management and Administration

Management and administration may seem similar at first glance, but on closer examination, we will find that there are differences between the two terms. Of course, the administration is always involved in setting the crucial goals and strategies of an organization, but what is the difference between management and administration? Can these two terms be used interchangeably?
Administration vs. management is an important point because most management rules fall into the realm of administration. Large brand companies employ top-notch experts to run the management and administration departments. This is to ensure the survival of the company in this competitive world.


Management is a macro concept and the achievement of group and macro goals is its main priority. It is concerned with the systematic process of managing people and their work, tasks, and responsibilities in the organization to achieve a common goal through the use of available organizational resources.

Research shows that management experts control the entire work environment with proper coordination and direction. They create a channel to achieve the desired goals of the company. If we look more closely at the details of this concept, we must say that: Management is a process of planning, directing, improving, guiding, motivating, and controlling the human, financial, material, and informational resources of an organization in order to achieve its objectives efficiently and effectively.

We can also define management as an economic factor, so management is considered a factor of production because it combines and integrates other factors of production, such as land and capital, which depend on labor controlled and used by management. Thus, as an economic factor, management has to do with the productivity and profitability of an organization.


In general, it can be said that administration is a methodical process of managing the functions, tasks, strategies, and overall management structure of a business organization. This organization can be as small as a classroom with 5 students or as large as a government organization with thousands of employees. Establishing plans, policies, and procedures, setting goals and objectives, enforcing rules and regulations, and other similar tasks are among the basic functions of administration.

Administration function

  • According to the definitions given above, administration entails the following:
  • Formulating goals and outcomes for an organization, along with processes and strategies.
  • The internal implementation of the organization’s standards and regulations
  • making decisions at the highest level of planning, structuring, and coordinating the organization.
  • Management of a company, institution, or organization as a whole.
  • Creating the foundation of an organization
  • Establishing rules for the workplace

Similarities between Management and Administration

Topics planning, regulation, collaboration, and organization are fundamental issues that management and administration deal with directly. As noted earlier, they differ primarily in the way they are used. For instance, general government agencies use the term “administration.” In contrast, the term “management” is used in the private sector or in companies.

Some significant similarities between management and administration:

  • Both management and administration use qualified employees to carry out their activities and achieve their goals.
  • To achieve lasting impact, both must be implemented throughout the organization. The organization needs these two critical elements.
  • Management forms usually include administrative tasks. Administration works simultaneously with management. It is critical that a manager must have both management and administrative skills.
  • Both are executed using appropriate and specific procedures and tips and tricks. Despite the fact that each application process is unique, the initiatives are basically the same.

Comparison table for Difference between management and administration

For better understanding, a diagram or table is given that illustrates the differences between management and administration, or administration vs. management, is mentioned for easy comprehension. You may understand this comparison by looking at this table. Three columns have been used for illustration purposes. To understand how the two terms compare, let’s take a close look at the table.

DefinitionManagement is an organized, methodical way of managing people, technology, and resources within an organization to guarantee efficient use of resources.The process of managing the tasks and responsibilities assigned to personnel is called administration.
Primary WorkPutting strategies and legislation into practice.Planning, creating policies and setting goals.
PurposeManagerial and governingDecisive and Legislative
RepresentsEmployees that are paid for their laborOwners who receive a return on their investment.
Emphasis onregulating workMaking the greatest use of the limited resources available.
Operational areaIt functions for administration.It has complete control over the organization’s operations.
Comparison table: management vs administration


Although the two terms are technically different, you will find that in practice they mean essentially the same thing. You will have noted that a manager performs both functional and administrative duties. While the top executives at the highest levels are counted as administration, the middle and lower levels are considered management. The conclusion is that administration is superior to management.

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